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SEC Filings
10-K
TERRAFORM POWER, INC. filed this Form 10-K on 03/15/2019
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performance obligation is satisfied under Topic 606. The Company views the sale of energy as a series of distinct goods that is substantially the same and has the same pattern of transfer measured by the output method. Although the Company views incentive products in bundled PPAs to be performance obligations satisfied at a point in time, measurement of satisfaction and transfer of control to the customer in a bundled arrangement coincides with a pattern of revenue recognition with the underlying energy generation. Accordingly, the Company applied the practical expedient in Topic 606 as the right to consideration corresponds directly to the value provided to the customer to recognize revenue at the invoice amount for its standalone and bundled PPA contracts.

For the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company’s energy revenue from PPA contracts with solar and wind customers was $39.6 million and $55.0 million, respectively, which does not include the market energy sales from the regulated solar and wind segment discussed below. As of December 31, 2018, the Company’s receivable balances related to PPA contracts with solar and wind customers was approximately $11.2 million. Trade receivables for PPA contracts are reflected in accounts receivable, net in the consolidated balance sheets. The Company typically receives payment within 30 days for invoiced PPA revenue. The Company does not have any other significant contract asset or liability balances related to PPA revenue.

Energy revenues yet to be earned under these contracts are expected to be recognized between 2019 and 2043. The Company applies the practical expedient in Topic 606 to its bundled PPA contract arrangements, and accordingly, does not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts for which it recognizes revenue at the amount to which it has the right to invoice for services performed.

Regulated Solar and Wind Revenue

Regulated solar and wind includes revenue generated by Saeta’s solar and wind operations in Spain, which are subject to regulations applicable to companies that generate production from renewable sources for facilities located in Spain. While Saeta’s Spanish operations are regulated by the Spanish regulator, the Company has determined that the Spanish entities do not meet the criteria of a rate regulated entity under ASC 980 Regulated Operations, since the rates established by the Spanish regulator are not designed to recover the entity’s costs of providing its energy generation services. Accordingly, the Company applied Topic 606 to recognize revenue for these customer contract arrangements. The Company has distinct performance
obligations to deliver electricity, capacity, and incentives which are discussed below.

The Company has a performance obligation to deliver electricity and these sales are invoiced monthly at the wholesale market price (subject to adjustments due to regulatory price bands that reduce market risk). The Company transfers control of the electricity over time and the customer receives and consumes the benefit simultaneously. Accordingly, the Company applied the practical expedient in Topic 606 as the right to consideration corresponds directly to the value provided to the customer to recognize revenue at the invoice amount for electricity sales.

The Company has a stand-ready performance obligation to deliver capacity in the Spanish electricity market in which these renewable energy facilities are located. Proceeds received by the Company from the customer in exchange for capacity are determined by a remuneration on an investment per unit of installed capacity that is determined by Spanish regulators. The Company satisfies its performance obligation for capacity under a time-based measure of progress and recognizes revenue by allocating the total annual consideration evenly to each month of service.

For the Company’s Spanish solar renewable energy facilities, the Company has identified a performance obligation linked to an incentive that is distinct from the electricity and capacity deliveries discussed above. For solar technologies under the Spanish market, the customer makes an operating payment per MWh which is calculated based on the difference of a standard cost and an expected market price, both, determined by the Spanish regulator. The customer is invoiced monthly equal to the volume of energy produced multiplied by the regulated rate. The performance obligation is satisfied when the Company generates electricity from the solar renewable facility. Accordingly, the Company applied the practical expedient in Topic 606 and recognizes revenue based on the amount invoiced each month.

Amortization of Favorable and Unfavorable rate Revenue Contracts

The Company accounts for its business combinations by recognizing in the financial statements the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed and any non-controlling interests in the acquiree at fair value at the acquisition date. Intangible amortization of certain revenue contracts acquired in business combinations (favorable and unfavorable rate PPAs and REC


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